Robert H. Tai Research Group


The Robert H. Tai Research Group is a research team based at the Curry School of Education and Human Development at the University of Virginia.  This multi-institutional team conducts quantitative and qualitative research on major issues in Science Education.  The overarching goal is to produce robust empirical data that targets national policy, with the outcome of developing science students into productive and contributing scientists.

Dr. Tai and his research team cover a wide-range of interests including student engagement in K-12 science, the retention of students in the science pipeline, factors influencing success in college science courses, the transition of graduate students to practicing scientist, as well as the role of specialized high schools in talent development.  The team takes advantage of the many outlets for sharing and presenting research findings, thus reaching a wide audience in informing and influencing Science Education.

Robert H. Tai Research Group - Publications


  • Publications

    Publications from Project FICSS

    Tai, R. H. & Sadler, P. M. (2009). Same science for all? Interactive association of structure in learning activities and academic attainment background on college science performance in the USA. International Journal of Science Education. 31(5), 675-696.  PDF Version

    Potvin, G. D., Hazari, Z., Tai, R. H. & Sadler, P. M. (2008). Unraveling Bias from Student Evaluations of their High School Science Teachers. Science Education. Published online.  PDF Version

    Schwartz, M., Sadler, P.M., Sonnert, G., & Tai, R. H. (2008). Depth versus Breadth: How Content Coverage in High School Science Courses Relates to Later Success in College Science Coursework. Science Education. Published online.  PDF Version

    Hazari, Z., Sadler, P. M., & Tai, R. H. (2008). Gender differences in the high school affective experiences of introductory college physics students. The Physics Teacher. 46(7), 423-427.  PDF Version

    Tai, R. H., Sadler, P. M., & Maltese, A. V. (2007). A study of the association of autonomy and achievement on performance. Science Educator, 16(1), 22-28.  PDF Version

    Maltese, A. V., Dexter, K. M., Tai, R. H., & Sadler, P. M. (2007). Breaking from tradition: Unfulfilled promises of block scheduling in science. Science Educator, 16(1), 1-7.  PDF Version

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (2007). Accounting for advanced high school coursework in college admissions decisions. College & University. 82 (4), 7 – 14.  Email Request for Article

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (2007). Advanced Placement® exam scores as a predictor of performance in introductory college biology, chemistry, and physics courses. Science Educator.16 (2), 1 – 19.  Email Request for Article

    Tai, R. H., Liu, C. Q., & Fan, X. (2007). Factors influencing retention of math and science teachers in secondary schools: A study based on SASS/TFS. Science Educator. 16 (2), 27 – 32.  Email Request for Article

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (2007). The Two High-School Pillars Supporting College Science. Science. 317(5837), 457 - 458.  PDF Version

    Tai, R. H. & Sadler, P. M. (2007). High school chemistry instructional practices and their association with college chemistry grades. Journal of Chemical Education. 84(6), 1040 – 1046.  PDF Version

    Hazari, Z. S., Tai, R. H., & Sadler, P. M. (2007). Gender differences in introductory university physics performance: The influence of high school physics preparation and affect. Science Education. 91 (6), 847 – 876. PDF Version

    Wyss, V. L., Tai, R. H., & Sadler. P. M. (2007). High school class-size and college performance in science. High School Journal. 90(3), 45 – 53.  PDF Version

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (2007). Weighting for recognition: Accounting for Advanced Placement and honors courses when calculating high school grade point average.  National Association of Secondary School Principals Bulletin, 91, 5 -32.  Email Request for Article

    Tai, R. H., Sadler, P. M., & Mintzes, J. J. (2006). Factors influencing college science success. Journal of College Science Teaching. 35(8), 56 – 60.  Email Request for Article

    Tai, R. H., Ward, R. B., & Sadler, P. M. (2006). High school chemistry content background of introductory college chemistry students and its association with college chemistry grades. Journal of Chemical Education. 83(11), 1703 – 1711.  Email Request for Article
    Dexter, K. M., Tai, R. H., & Sadler, P. M. (2006). Traditional and block scheduling for college science preparation: A comparison of college science success of students who report different high school scheduling plans. High School Journal. 89(4), 22 – 33.  PDF Version
    Tai, R. H., Sadler. P. M., & Loehr, J. F. (2005). Factors influencing success in introductory college chemistry. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 42(9), 987-1012.  PDF Version

    Book Chapters Associated with Project FICSS

    Tai, R. H. & Sadler P. M. (2006). Factors influencing college science success. In J. J. Mintzes & W. Leonard, (Eds.), Handbook of College Science Teaching. (pp. 359-367). Arlington, VA: National Science Teachers Association Press.  Email Request for Article

    Invited Review Article

    Tai, R. H., Sadler, P. M., & Loehr, J. F. (2006). Influence college chemistry success through high school chemistry teaching. The Science Education Review, 5, 123-127.  Email Request for Article

    Almarode, J. T., Tai, R. H., & Sadler, P. M. (In Press). Inquiry-based learning: Questions posed and left unanswered. Science Education Review.

    Related Research for Project FICSS

    National Academy of Sciences. (2009). Strengthening high school chemistry education through teacher outreach programs: A workshop summary to the chemical sciences roundtable. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.  HTML Version

    Tai, R. H., Liu, Q. C., Maltese, A. V., & Fan, X. (2006). Planning early for careers in science.  Science.  312, 1143 - 1144.   PDF Version

    Tai, R. H. & Sadler, P. M. (2001). Gender differences in introductory undergraduate physics performance: University physics versus college physics in the United States.  International Journal of Science Education. 23(10), 1017 – 1037.  PDF Version

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (2001). Success in college physics: The role of high school preparation. Science Education. 85(2), 111 – 136.  PDF Version

    Sadler, P. M. & Tai, R. H. (1997). The role of high school physics in preparing students for college physics. The Physics Teacher. 35(5), 282 – 285.  Email Request for Article

    Publications from Project Crossover

    Currently in Data Analysis Phase.

    Publications from Project ALS-LYREC

    Currently in Data Collection Phase.

    Publications from Project SpecSMT

    Subotnik, R. F., Tai, R. H., Rickoff, R., & Almarode, J. T. (In Press). Specialized public high schools of science, mathematics, and technology and the STEM pipeline: What do we know now and what will we know in five years? Roeper Review.